September 20 - Classic


C Melodic Minor - Three Flats - Bb, Eb, Ab

Ascending - C D Eb F G A-Natural B-Natural C

Descending - C Bb Ab G F Eb D C


Four Typical Movements of a Generic Symphony - And Typical Forms

Sonata-Allegro - A (Exposition) B (Development) A' (Recapitulation)
                            ab                                                   a'b'

Theme and Variations - A A' A'' etc.

Minuet and Trio -   A                             B                              A
                               a (repeat) b (repeat) c (repeat) d (repeat) ab

Rondo - ABACA (or ABACABA)


Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) - 3 Artistic Periods - Characterization of Music

Early - Classical (Super Haydn / Mozart)

Middle - Typical (Heroic / Quintessential)

Late - Romantic (Progressive / Weird)


Listening
(including optional links to Wikipedia articles re some composers and all specific pieces)


[8732] Franz Joseph Haydn - Symphony No. 94 ("Surprise"): II

http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8732/01/franz-joseph-haydn-1732-1809.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._94_(Haydn)


[8756] Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart - Violin Concerto No. 5 ("Turkish"): III

http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8756/01/wolfgang-amadeus-mozart-1756-1791_27.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Violin_Concerto_No._5_(Mozart)


[YouTube] Ludwig van Beethoven - Symphony No. 3 ("Eroica"): II

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R0Xrsc7Cutk

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ludwig_van_Beethoven

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._3_(Beethoven)


[YouTube] Felix Mendelssohn - Symphony No. 3 ("Scottish"): I

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RjUCanzk33o

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Felix_Mendelssohn

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._3_(Mendelssohn)


[YouTube] Robert Schumann - Piano Concerto: I

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ynky7qoPnUU

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Schumann

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piano_Concerto_(Schumann)


[8813] Giuseppe Verdi - Rigoletto: Quartet

http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8813/10/giuseppe-verdi-1813-1901.html

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rigoletto

September 14 - A Bit Baroque And...



D Major (Two Sharps - F# and C#)

D E F# G A B C# D


A Major (Three Sharps - F#, C#, and G#)

A B C# D E F# G# A


E Major (Four Sharps - F#, C#, G#, and D#)

E F# G# A B C# D# E


E Minor (One Sharp - F#)

E F# G A B C D E



Three Typical Genres in Baroque Music + Movements

Suite
Overture
Dance I
Dance II
Etc.

Opera
Overture
Recitative
Aria (Duet, Trio, Etc.)
Chorus
Etc.

Concerto
Fast
Slow
Fast



Birth and Death Dates / Three Stylistic Periods & Types of Music Written for...

J.S. Bach (1685-1750)
Weimar - Organ
Cothen - Instrumental
Leipzig - Vocal



Listening

[8567] Claudio Monteverdi - Vespers: I. Deus in Adjutorium (God in the House)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8567/01/claudio-monteverdi-1567-1643.html

[8585] Heinrich Schutz - Saul, Saul
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/06/heinrich-schutz-1585-1672-saul.html

[8659]  Henry Purcell - Dido and Aeneas: Dido's Lament (When I Am Laid in Earth)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8659/09/henry-purcell-1659-1695.html

[8678] Antonio Vivaldi - Gloria: I. Gloria
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/06/antonio-vivaldi-1678-1741.html

[8685] J.S. Bach - Fugue in G Minor ("Little")
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/1985/03/johann-sebastian-bach-1685-1750.html

[8685] G.F. Handel - Messiah: Hallelujah
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/02/george-frideric-handel-1685-1759.html

September 6 - Returning Inevitably


OK, so we're not exactly all back yet, but will be soon, as first session after Labor Day, finishing up Medieval Music and proceeding apace to the Renaissance, as below...


A [Harmonic] Minor Scale

A   B   C    D   E   F  G[#]  A
Do Re Me Fa Sol Le [Ti]  Do
                                   Te   Do


Chords in C Major

C  Dm  Em  F  G  Am Bdim  C

G   A   B   C   D   E     F      G
E    F   G   A   B   C    D      E
C   D   E    F   G   A    B      C

I    ii   iii   IV  V  vi   viio   I

[N.B.  "C" = C Major Chord
           "Dm"  = D Minor Chord
           "Bdim"  = B Diminished Chord]


Three Periods of Music History after Ancient and Before Classical + Dates

Medieval  400-1400
Renaissance  1400-1600
Baroque  1600-1750


Three Kinds of Triads + Thirds and Fifths in Each

Major Triad          = MT = M3 + P5
Minor Triad          = mT  = m3 + P5
Diminished Triad = dT   = m3 + d5

[N.B. d5 = Diminished 5th = Tritone = 3 steps]


Listening

[8400] Giles Binchois - Files a Marier (Don't Marry)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8400/01/giles-binchois-c-1400-1467.html

[8415] Conrad Paumann - Mit Ganczem Willen (With My Whole Heart)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8410/01/conrad-paumann-c-14151473.html

[8450] Josquin des Pres - El Grillo (The Cricket)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8450/02/josquin-des-pre-c-1450-1455-1521.html

[8491] Henry VIII - Pastime with Good Company
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/06/henry-viii-1491-1547-pastime.html

[8510] Andrea Gabrieli - Ricercare in the 12th Mode (Research in C Major)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/06/andrea-gabrieli-c-1510-1586-ricercar.html

[8525] Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina - Pope Marcellus Mass: I. Kyrie
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8525/01/giovanni-pierluigi-da-palestrina-1525.html

August 30 - Ready to Go


Another delightful day with the Music Historians, proceeding through early Medieval Music, looking and listening towards later of same, as below...


G Major (F# Key Signature)

G A B C D E F# G


G Mixolydian

G A B C D E F G


G Dorian (Bb Key Signature)

G A Bb C D E F G


G Minor (Bb and Eb in Key Signature)

G A Bb C D Eb F G


Subdivisions of Winds, Solid-Body Percussion, and Strings

Winds
End-Blow (Flute)
Double Reed (Oboe, Bassoon)
Single Reed (Clarinet, Saxophone)
Lip Buzz (Trumpet, Horn, Trombone, Tuba)

Solid Body Percussion
Metal (Bells, Vibraphone, Cymbals)
Wood (Xylophone, Marimba, Wood Block)
Other (Stone, Glass, Earth)

Strings
Suspended (Harp, Lyre)
Box (Piano, Zither)
Neck (Lute, Guitar, Violin, Viola, Cello, Bass)


Intervals Between Perfect Fifth (P5) and Perfect Octave (P8) - and # of Steps

Perfect Fifth - P5 = 3 1/2
Minor Sixth -  m6 = 4
Major Sixth - M6 = 4 1/2
Minor Seventh - m7 = 5
Major Seventh - M7 = 5 1/2
Perfect Octave - P8 = 6


Listening

France - Ductia (Duet Dance)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/06/french-b-c-1170-danse-real-royale.html

Perotin - Hec Dies (This Is the Day)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8210/01/perotin-c-1170-c-1210.html

Ars Antiqua Motet - Alle - Psallite ("Alle" - Sing It)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8220/01/anonymous-french-author-b-c-1220.html

England - Sumer Is Icumen In (Summer Is A' Coming In)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/06/anon-english-b-c-1280-sumer-is-icumen.html

Guillaume de Machaut - Notre Dame Mass: I. Kyrie
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/01/guillaume-de-machaut-c-1300-april-1377.html




August 23 - Once Upon a Time


Here we are again, finishing up



Ancient Music and proceeding to matters Medieval (I), as below...




D Dorian Mode

D   E   F    G   A   B   C  D

(Do Re Me Fa Sol La Te Do)


D Minor Scale (Bb Key Signature!)

D    E  F     G  A   Bb C  D

(Do Re Me Fa Sol Le Te Do)


E Phrygian Mode

E    F   G   A  B    C   D  E

(Do Ra Me Fa Sol Le Te Do)




Five Items in a Latin Mass Ordinary, with Translations and Typical Forms

I. Kyrie - Lord Have Mercy - ABA (Ternary)

II. Gloria - Glory - Through-Composed

III. Credo - Creed ("I Believe") - Through Composed

IV. Sanctus - Holy - ABCB (Verse - Chorus)

V. Agnus Dei - Lamb of God - AB (Binary)


Intervals Between Perfect Unison and Perfect Fifth - # of Steps in Each

(Perfect Unison) P1 - 0 Steps

(Minor Second) m2 - 1/2 Step

(Major Second) M2 - 1 Step

(Minor Third) m3 - 1 1/2 Steps

(Major Third) M3 - 2 Steps

(Perfect Fourth) P4 - 2 1/2 Steps

Tritone - 3 Steps

(Perfect Fifth) P5 - 3 1/2 Steps


Listening

[7540] Gregorian Chant - Kyrie IV
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2540/01/gregory-i-540-604.html

[8085] Orkney Islands - Hymn to St. Magnus (Nobilis Humilis)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/01/anon-orkney-islander-b-c-1085-st-magnus.html

[8100] India - Raga Maru Bihag [Ravi Shankar version]
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/05/development-of-hindustani-music-c-1100.html

[8133] Leonin - Hec Dies (This Is the Day)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/8133/01/leonin-c-1133-1190.html

August 16 - Full House


Here we are again...


even more so,


Quiz 1 and looking ahead as below...


F Lydian

F   G   A   B  C   D   E  F
Do Re Mi Fi Sol La Ti Do


F Major (Bb Key Signature)

F    G  A   Bb C   D   E  F
Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti Do


Whole (W) Steps and Half (H) Steps in Major Scales (ex. C Major)

C   D    E    F    G    A   B   C
   W  W   H   W   W   W  H


Four Textures of Music - and definitions (n.b. "monophonic" adj / "monophony" noun, etc.)

Monophonic - One line of music, strictly performed
Heterophonic - One line of music, freely performed
Polyphonic - More than one line of music, w/ lines of equal importance
Homophonic - More than one line of music, w/ one line more important than the others


Listening

[5570] Syria - Hurrian Hymn No. 6
 http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/05/anon-b-c-1430-bc-syrian-cuneiform.html

[5949] China - Entrance Hymn for the Emperor
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/05/king-kang-of-chou-reigned-1021-996-bc.html

[6970] Asia Minor - Epitaph of Seikilos
           (Turkey)
           (Ancient Greek Cultural Area)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/05/asia-minor-turkey-seikilos-writer-b-c.html


August 14 - Progressive Revelation



The hour


approaches...



Music Appreciation -- DVC San Ramon, Fall 2017!


 Looking towards Quiz 1, as a worksheet-exercise...


C Major Scale

C   D   E   F   G   A   B   C
1    2    3   4   5    6    7  1(8)
Do Re Mi Fa Sol La Ti  Do



Notes in One Octave of a Piano Keyboard
(black notes above [which can be called "sharp" or "flat"], and white notes below)

    C#    D#         F#   G#  A#
    Db    Eb         Gb  Ab   Bb
C        D    E    F    G    A    B    C



Five Basic Ways of Making Sound (optional ethonomusic terms in parentheses below)

Wind (Aerophone)
Solid-Body (Idiophone)
Drum (Membranophone)
String (Chordophone)
Electricity (Electrophone)



Listening

[1970] Richard Strauss - Also Sprach Zarathustra: I. Introduction
                             (Thus Spake Zarathustra)
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/2008/01/universe-c-13730000000-waves.html

[1980] Gustav Holst - The Planets: I. Mars
http://markalburgermusichistory.blogspot.com/1980/01/solar-system-c-4600000-bc-oscillation.html


***


See you Wednesday!